Causes - Endometriosis - Symptoms

Endometriosis can be a common cause of infertility, making it difficult for women to get pregnant. Endometriosis occurs when endometrial tissue (the tissue that lines the uterus) is found in and around the pelvic area. Areas of the body that are often affected by endometriosis include the following:

  • Bladder
  • Bowel
  • Cervix
  • Fallopian tubes
  • Outer surface area of the uterus
  • Ovaries
  • Rectum
  • Pelvic cavity lining
  • Vagina

What is endometriosis?
Like normal uterine tissue, endometrial tissue begins to break down and bleed every month during menstruation. Unlike normal tissue, this can cause scar tissue and inflammation to develop, leading to pain and other symptoms. Scar tissue can continue to grow over time and endometriosis symptoms can worsen.

Endometriosis symptoms explained
The most common endometriosis symptoms are pain and cramping in the pelvic region. At times, this cramping is so severe that it can cause nausea, diarrhea and stomach problems. In addition, having sexual intercourse or having a bowel movement can also be very painful.

Other common endometriosis symptoms may include:

  • Feelings of fatigue or exhaustion
  • Heavy periods, irregular bleeding and abnormal menstrual cycles
  • Intestinal pain, diarrhea, and other stomach problems (sometimes misdiagnosed as irritable bowel syndrome or IBS)
  • Lower back pain
  • Pain with urination

Women with severe endometriosis sometimes have problems getting pregnant without proper treatment.

Getting pregnant with endometriosis
If you have endometriosis symptoms, see a fertility specialist to learn more about endometriosis diagnosis and treatment. Without a proper diagnosis, you may be suffering unnecessarily with chronic pain, heavy bleeding during menstruation, and associated fertility problems.