Causes - Endometriosis - Treatment

Need help for endometriosis and infertility? Then make an appointment with a fertility specialist. Unfortunately there is no cure for endometriosis but many women find that surgical and medical treatments can help to reduce the symptoms of endometriosis.

Endometriosis treatment
Endometriosis can be very difficult to diagnose and treat. Your doctor may use ultrasound to view your pelvic region and check for small growths. But pelvic exams and ultrasounds can be inaccurate. The most effective endometriosis infertility treatment is a surgical procedure called laparoscopy.

Laparoscopy for endometriosis
With laparoscopy, a tiny video camera with a light is placed into a small incision in your abdomen. During the procedure, your doctor is able to view and remove endometrial implants and scar tissue. Removal of this tissue is an effective endometriosis infertility treatment, improving pregnancy rates for some women. Most women that undergo laparoscopy report reduced endometriosis symptoms after surgery.

Laparotomy for endometriosis
For more severe cases of endometriosis, a laparotomy is done, which requires a larger cut in the abdomen. Your doctor will be able to remove greater amounts of tissue than can be done with a laparoscopy. This surgical treatment for endometriosis is more intense and requires a longer recovery time than laparoscopy.

Drugs for endometriosis
If you have endometriosis, your doctor may prescribe one of the following medications:

  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may help with symptoms of pain and cramping. 
  • If over-the-counter medicines aren’t helpful, some doctors will recommend prescription-strength pain-relieving drugs. These drugs may help to minimize discomfort.
  • Hormonal treatment options for endometriosis include birth control pills, progesterone, and other drugs like gonadotropin-releasing hormones (GnRH). These drugs cause the body to stop ovulating and menstruating, which may prevent endometriosis from worsening.

Together, you and your doctor can decide what’s best for your situation—so you have an increased chance of getting pregnant with endometriosis.