Causes - Male Infertility - Treatment

Has your fertility doctor suggested male infertility treatment for your partner? Let’s look at some male infertility treatments and how they may help you start a family.

Intrauterine insemination (IUI)
Intrauterine insemination is often used as a male infertility treatment. With IUI, your partner’s sperm is removed from the semen. The washed sperm are then inserted into your uterus. For men with retrograde ejaculation that stems from diabetes or other problems, IUI may be a successful male fertility treatment.

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection takes place with the in vitro fertilization (IVF) process. ICSI is used by most IVF centers across the globe and is a key player in male infertility treatment, particularly for men with low sperm counts or poor motility. ICSI involves directly injecting a sperm into the egg during IVF.

Fertility drugs
Fertility drugs for men may help to increase a man's fertility potential. Fertility drugs for men can help with many conditions, including

  • Hormone imbalance
  • Low sperm quantity
  • Poor sperm mobility and motility

Fertility drugs for men can usually fix only a small percentage of male infertility problems. For instance, male fertility drugs cannot treat:

  • Blockages
  • Retrograde ejaculation - A condition where sperm travel in the wrong direction in the reproductive tract and deposit in the bladder
  • Varicocele - A dilated vein in the scrotum

For these conditions, surgery may be the best male infertility treatment option.

Surgery for male infertility
Your doctor may recommend surgery for your partner. Surgery may be recommended to correct your partner’s varicocele, a varicose vein of the scrotum. While sperm counts may increase after varicocele surgery and some believe the surgery may help men with a large varicocele, there’s little conclusive data that varicocele surgery is an effective male infertility treatment. If you are unsure, ask your doctor about your chances of pregnancy success following male fertility surgical treatment. 

Today, there is much hope for couples that need male infertility treatment. With high-tech treatments and quick and easy lifestyle changes, you and your partner may benefit from the best treatments that let you get pregnant—and start your family.