Causes - Ovulation - Treatment
A wide range of health conditions can cause absent or infrequent ovulation. If you are trying to get pregnant and ovulation problems are making it difficult, make an appointment with a fertility specialist. Your doctor may recommend one or more fertility drugs to help regulate your cycles.
Fertility drugs for ovulation
The following fertility drugs can be prescribed for ovulation problems:
- Clomid can help with egg maturation and release, which are both critical for ovulation to occur. Clomid can boost ovulation by signaling the pituitary to produce more follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH), helping the egg mature for release. Clomid success rates are rather high, helping women ovulate about 80 percent of the time.
- Some women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) fail to respond to Clomid due to insulin resistance. In these cases, insulin-sensitizing drugs like Metformin can help. Sometimes Clomid and Metformin fail to work when taken alone, but are successful when taken together.
- Your doctor may recommend fertility drugs called gonadotropins that contain FSH or LH. These drugs come in various forms.
- Human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG) is an injection containing equal parts FSH and LH. hMG has very high success rates.
- FSH injections can also help to stimulate follicle growth for those who have problems with ovulation.
- Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) mimics the LH surge, helping you release an egg for conception. hCG triggers the dominant follicle to release an egg and is often used to induce ovulation in conjunction with other gonadotropins or Clomid.
- Bromocriptine Mesylate (Parlodel) and Cabergoline (Dostinex) suppress the excess production of prolactin, normalizing prolactin levels. These drugs have an 85 percent success rate in helping women ovulate.
- Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) can be administered by a drug delivery system. A belt holding a lightweight pump is worn 24 hours a day for several days. The pump releases small amounts of the fertility drug every 60 to 90 minutes into the bloodstream via a small needle inserted under the skin.
While a diagnosis of an ovulation disorder may come as a disappointment, there is hope. More often than not, ovulation problems can be solved with the use of fertility drugs like the ones mentioned above. Talk to your doctor to determine the best course of action for you.