Treatments & Options - Fertility Drugs - Resources

Many women take fertility drugs to boost ovulation and produce eggs. These baby-boosting drugs can help women get pregnant and are often used with intrauterine insemination (IUI) and in vitro fertilization (IVF). Infertility drugs are sometimes prescribed for men who have hormone imbalances or male factor infertility.

In this section, Fertility Drug Resources, we review some of the more common fertility drugs out there. Below, we share details about some of the most common ovarian hyperstimulation medications and other fertility drugs that your doctor may prescribe to help you get pregnant.

Clomiphene citrate
Commonly known as Clomid, this fertility drug helps to stimulate egg recruitment and ovulation if you are not ovulating regularly. Clomid can also be taken by men for infertility issues.
Common names: Clomid, Serophene

Progesterone
This hormone comes in different formulations such as a liquid which can be injected into the buttocks or as a capsule/suppository which can be inserted into the vagina. Progesterone can help to prepare your uterus for a healthy implantation and pregnancy. This fertility drug may also help to regulate menstruation.
Common names: Prometrium

Gonadotropins
Gonadotropins are injectable fertility drugs that contain follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and/or luteinizing hormone (LH). These drugs stimulate egg recruitment and increase the number of eggs released by your ovaries. One risk of gonadotropin use is multiple gestations.  Additionally, side effects of gonadotropins can be serious, so please contact your doctor if you experience uncomfortable side effects.
Common names: Menopur, Repronex, Follistim, Bravelle, Gonal-F, Profasi, Pregnyl

Leuprolide acetate
This fertility drug actually suppresses the ovaries, preventing ovulation and the release of an egg. This helps prevent premature ovulation during assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedures like IVF.
Common names: Lupron

Metformin
This medication may be prescribed for women who have developed insulin resistance associated with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Metformin helps to increase one’s sensitivity to insulin which can lead to regular ovulation and, thus, improve fertility for women with PCOS.
Common names: Glucophage

Today, most fertility doctors recommend that you try at least several cycles of fertility pills before moving on to more high-tech therapies like in vitro fertilization (IVF). If fertility drugs don't work for you, ask your doctor to try another fertility treatment option until you find that one that enables you to successfully get pregnant.

Medically reviewed by Dr. Lowell T. Ku, M.D., an award winning and leading Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility specialist at Dallas IVF.

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