Causes - Thyroid - Treatment

Are thyroid problems making it harder for you to get pregnant? To find out, ask your doctor for a thyroid test. If your thyroid levels are slightly abnormal, then your doctor may choose to simply monitor you while you try to get pregnant. Some doctors may choose to take a more proactive approach by prescribing medical treatments.

Drug treatment
If you have hypothyroidism, you may need to take thyroid hormone supplements. Conversely, women with hyperthyroidism will need drug treatment to decrease levels of thyroid hormones in the body. Ask your doctor if he or she will treat your thyroid problem more aggressively if you are having trouble getting pregnant.

Many patients with hypothyroidism take a thyroid supplement or replacement medicine known as Levothyroxine (T4). Common brand names for Levothyroxine include Synthroid, Levoxyl and Levothyroid. Other forms of thyroid replacement medications may include Cytomel (T3) or Thyrolar and Euthroid (T3 and T4).

Dietary intervention
If your thyroid levels are abnormal, ask your doctor about iodine and its relationship to thyroid health. The thyroid gland needs a certain amount of dietary iodine (found in foods and supplements) to keep your thyroid hormone levels healthy. On rare occasions, low iodine levels can cause hypothyroidism, or low thyroid function. Conversely, too much iodine can also lead to health problems. If you consume too much iodine, you could be at risk for hyperthyroidism, which can lead to infertility.

Seek help
If you are experiencing fertility problems, it may be a good idea to have your thyroid function checked out, and to find out if you are low (or high) in iodine. If you have additional questions about thyroid medications and fertility, always check with your doctor or pharmacist.