Are you interested in learning more about donor sperm? Donor sperm may be just what you need to help you get pregnant, especially if you are in one of the following situations:
- Male infertility: If your partner lacks sperm, has a low sperm count or poor sperm quality
- If your partner has a genetic disorder that you are concerned about passing on to your children
- If you are a single woman or in a lesbian relationship
Whatever the reason for using donor sperm, you may choose to use donor sperm with either the artificial insemination or in vitro fertilization (IVF) procedures. These procedures are common, boast fairly good success rates, and are widely available at fertility clinics.
Choosing an anonymous sperm donor
When you are ready to choose a sperm donor, ask your doctor for recommendations for reputable sperm banks. Most sperm banks will provide donor profiles for a fee. A commercial sperm bank will give you very specific information about sperm donors, including ethnicity, higher education, occupation, physical characteristics, blood type, and more.
Choosing a known donor
You may also choose a male friend or loved one as your sperm donor. If you do so, you can make arrangements for the donor to undergo rigorous screening. The sperm will be frozen, quarantined and released to you only after repeated testing of the donor (at least 180 days later). The ASRM Guidelines advise using sperm only from donors who fulfill the same rigorous criterion as for anonymous donors. When pursuing a known sperm donor, take the time to discuss your options with an attorney who is well versed in the laws in your state to ensure that you, your partner’s and the best interest of your child(ren) are protected.
Find a doctor
Once the donor is selected, and you are ready to move forward, work with a trusted fertility doctor to maximize your chances of pregnancy success with donor sperm.