Starting fertility drugs for infertility treatment? Here is a guide to the most common fertility drugs.
Clomiphene citrate (Serophene, Clomid) is a relatively inexpensive and effective synthetic anti-estrogen. Clomid triggers the release of hormones that stimulate the ovaries. Clomid is known for its high success rates and relatively low risk for side effects.
Human Menopausal Gonadotropin or hMG (Menopur, Repronex) is an injectable fertility drug that contains luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH). Both LH and FSH stimulate the ovaries to produce more follicles, which increases the number of eggs.
Follicle Stimulating Hormone or FSH (Follistim, Bravelle, Gonal-F), another injectable drug, stimulates the ovaries to produce more follicles and increases the number of eggs.
Human Chorionic Gonadotropin or hCG (Profasi, Pregnyl), yet another injectable drug, is a hormone that matures the developing follicles and triggers release of an egg from its follicle. HCG mimics the LH surge. Your doctor may prescribe this fertility drug if CC does not work for you or if you are preparing for an ART treatment, such as IVF.
The fertility drug progesterone is a hormone that prepares the lining of the uterus (the endometrium) for the arrival and implantation of an embryo. Progesterone is delivered by intramuscular (IM) injection or by vaginal suppository.
Leuprolide acetate (Lupron) suppresses your body’s own hormone production, thus preventing follicle development and egg release. Doctors use Lupron in combination with other medications to improve control of your cycle.
Antagonists (Cetrotide, Ganirelix) are fertility drugs used for pituitary suppression if youre undergoing an IVF cycle.
Depending on your situation, other fertility pills may be used including aspirin, heparin, bromocriptine and cabergoline, and more. In addition, the medication metformin may be prescribed as treatment for women with PCOS.
Your fertility team will guide you and instruct you in how to store and take these medications properly and safely. Make sure to talk to your doctor about any questions you have about taking these drugs.
- American Society for Reproductive Medicine: Medications for Inducing Ovulation
- Bruce, D, Thatcher, S., Berg, B. Making a Baby.